The Penfield group works to understand how weather and climate affect plant reproductive development and seed quality.
They are especially interested in the effects of temperature on crop yields, seed quality and seedling establishment.
Their work uses crop species from the Brassica family, especially oilseed rape (canola) and vegetable Brassicas, as well as model species such as Arabidopsis thaliana.
In this way they aim to understand precise mechanisms by which weather and climate affect crop performance, an consider strategies for increasing crop resilience, for instance using conventional plant breeding or genome editing techniques.
Colmer J,O'Neill CM,Wells R,Bostrom A,Reynolds D,Websdale D,Shiralagi G,Lu W,Lou Q,Le Cornu,Ball J,Renema J,Flores Andaluz,Benjamins R,Penfield S,Zhou J (2020)SeedGerm: a cost-effective phenotyping platform for automated seed imaging and machine-learning based phenotypic analysis of crop seed germination.The New phytologistPublisher's version: 0028-646X
O'Neill C. M., Lu X., Calderwood A., Tudor E. H., Robinson P., Wells R., Morris R., Penfield S. (2019)Vernalization and Floral Transition in Autumn Drive Winter Annual Life History in Oilseed Rape.Current BiologyPublisher's version: 0960-9822
Brown J. K. M., Beeby R., Penfield S. (2019)Yield instability of winter oilseed rape modulated by early winter temperature.Scientific reports (9)Publisher's version: 2045-2322