The John Innes Centre Publications Repository contains details of all publications resulting from our researchers.
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The creation of this publications repository was funded by BBSRC.
Plant Physiology (TBC) TBC
Publisher's version: 10.1101/306894
ID: 58722read more
During seed germination, iron (Fe) stored in vacuoles is exported by the redundant NRAMP3 and NRAMP4 transporter proteins. A double nramp3 nramp4 mutant is unable to mobilize Fe stores and does not develop in the absence of external Fe. We used RNA sequencing to compare gene expression in nramp3 nramp4 and wild type during germination and early seedling development. Even though sufficient Fe was supplied, the Fe-responsive transcription factors bHLH38, 39, 100 and 101 and their downstream targets FRO2 and IRT1 mediating Fe uptake were strongly upregulated in the nramp3 nramp4 mutant. Activation of the Fe deficiency response was confirmed by increased ferric chelate reductase activity in the mutant. At early stages, genes important for chloroplast redox control (FSD1, SAPX), Fe homeostasis (FER1, SUFB) and chlorophyll metabolism (HEMA1, NYC1) were downregulated, indicating limited Fe availability in plastids. In contrast, expression of FRO3, encoding a ferric reductase involved in Fe import into the mitochondria, was maintained and Fe-dependent enzymes in the mitochondria were unaffected in nramp3 nramp4. Together these data show that a failure to mobilize Fe stores during germination triggered Fe deficiency responses and strongly affected plastids but not mitochondria.
Current Opinion in Plant Biology (45) 11-17
Publisher's version: 10.1016/j.pbi.2018.04.016
ID: 58609read more
In spite of its central importance in evolution, plant architecture and crop improvement, stem development remains poorly understood relative to other plant organs. Here, we summarise current knowledge of stem ontogenesis and its regulation, including insights from new image analysis and biophysical approaches. The stem initiates in the rib zone (RZ) of the shoot apical meristem, under transcriptional control by DELLA and BLH proteins. Links have emerged between these regulators and cell proliferation, patterning and oriented growth in the RZ. During subsequent internode elongation, cell wall properties and mechanics have been analyzed in detail, revealing pectin modification as a prominent control point. Recent work has also highlighted signalling to coordinate growth of stem tissues with different mechanical properties.
Analysis of the tunicamycin biosynthetic gene cluster of Streptomyces chartreusis reveals new insights into tunicamycin production and immunity
Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. (On-line)
Publisher's version: 10.1128/AAC.00130-18
ID: 59051read more
The tunicamycin biosynthetic gene cluster of Streptomyces chartreusis consists of 14 genes (tunA-N) with a high degree of apparent translational coupling. Transcriptional analysis revealed that all of these genes are likely to be transcribed as a single operon from two promoters, tunp1 and tunp2. In frame deletion analysis revealed that just six of these genes (tunABCDEH) are essential for tunicamycin production in the heterologous host Streptomyces coelicolor, while five (tunFGKLN) with likely counterparts in primary metabolism are not necessary, but presumably ensure efficient production of the antibiotic at the onset of tunicamycin biosynthesis. Three genes are implicated in immunity; tunIJ, which encode a two component ABC transporter presumably required for export of the antibiotic, and tunM, which encodes a putative SAM-dependent methyltransferase. Expression of tunIJ or tunM in S. coelicolor conferred resistance to exogenous tunicamycin. The results presented here provide new insights into tunicamycin biosynthesis and immunity.