Production of recombinant human acid ß-glucosidase with high mannose-type N-glycans in rice gnt1 mutant for potential treatment of Gaucher disease.

Gaucher disease is an inherited metabolic disease caused by genetic acid ß -glucosidase (GBA) deficiency and is currently treated by enzyme replacement therapy. For uptake into macrophages, GBA needs to carry terminal mannose residues on their N-glycans. Knockout mutant rice of N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase-I (gnt1) have a disrupted N-glycan processing pathway and produce only glycoproteins with high mannose residues. In this study, we introduced a gene encoding recombinant human GBA into both wild-type rice (WT) and rice gnt1 calli. Target gene integration and mRNA expression were confirmed by genomic DNA PCR and Northern blotting, respectively. Secreted rhGBAs in culture media from cell lines originating from both WT (WT-GBA) and rice gnt1 (gnt1-GBA) were detected by Western blotting. Each rhGBA was purified by affinity and ion exchange chromatography. In vitro catalytic activity of purified rhGBA was comparable to commercial Chinese hamster ovary cell-derived rhGBA. N-glycans were isolated from WT-GBA and gnt1-GBA and analyzed by using matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry. The amounts of high mannose-type N-glycans were highly elevated in gnt1-GBA (100%) compared to WT-GBA (1%).