Production of Metallic Alloy Nanowires and Particles Templated Using Tomato Mosaic Virus (ToMV)

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We demonstrate a simple, low-energy method whereby tomato mosaic virus (ToMV) particles can be used to template the production of nanowires and particles consisting of alloys of gold (Au), platinum (Pt) and palladium (Pd) in various combinations. Selective nanowire growth within the inner channel of the particles was achieved using the polymeric capping agent polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVPK30) and the reducing agent ascorbic acid. The reaction conditions also resulted in the deposition of alloy nanoparticles on the external surface of the rods in addition to the nanowire structures within the internal cavity. The resulting materials were characterized using a variety of electron microscopic and spectroscopic techniques, which revealed both the structural and chemical composition of the alloys within the nanomaterials.