iM-Seeker: a webserver for DNA i-motifs prediction and scoring via automated machine learning.

gold Gold open access

DNA, beyond its canonical B-form double helix, adopts various alternative conformations, among which the i-motif, emerging in cytosine-rich sequences under acidic conditions, holds significant biological implications in transcription modulation and telomere biology. Despite recognizing the crucial role of i-motifs, predictive software for i-motif forming sequences has been limited. Addressing this gap, we introduce ‘iM-Seeker’, an innovative computational platform designed for the prediction and evaluation of i-motifs. iM-Seeker exhibits the capability to identify potential i-motifs within DNA segments or entire genomes, calculating stability scores for each predicted i-motif based on parameters such as the cytosine tracts number, loop lengths, and sequence composition. Furthermore, the webserver leverages automated machine learning (AutoML) to effortlessly fine-tune the optimal i-motif scoring model, incorporating user-supplied experimental data and customised features. As an advanced, versatile approach, ‘iM-Seeker’ promises to advance genomic research, highlighting the potential of i-motifs in cell biology and therapeutic applications. The webserver is freely available at