Core Steps to the Azaphilone Family of Fungal Natural Products.

gold Gold open access

Azaphilones are a family of polyketide based fungal natural products that exhibit interesting and useful bioactivities. This review explores the literature on various characterised azaphilone biosynthetic pathways, which allows for a proposed consensus scheme for the production of the core azaphilone structure, as well as identifying early diversification steps during azaphilone biosynthesis. A consensus understanding of the core enzymatic steps towards a particular family of fungal natural products can aid in genome mining experiments. Genome mining for novel fungal natural products is a powerful technique for both exploring chemical space and providing new insights into fungal natural product pathways.