Bottromycins – biosynthesis, synthesis and activity.

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Bottromycins are a class of macrocyclic peptide natural products that are produced by several Streptomyces species and possess promising antibacterial activity against clinically relevant multidrug-resistant pathogens. They belong to the ribosomally synthesised and post-translationally modified peptide (RiPP) superfamily of natural products. The structure contains a unique four-amino acid macrocycle formed via a rare amidine linkage, C-methylation and a d-amino acid. This review covers all aspects of bottromycin research with a focus on recent years (2009-2020), in which major advances in total synthesis and understanding of bottromycin biosynthesis were achieved.