UK Wheat Ancestry

Heritage wheats from the BBSRC Small Grain Cereals Collection

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Species Acc No Name Ancestry Remarks Sowing Time
T. turgidum 508 Rampton Rivet English Cone Wheat selected by Engledow from a field at Rampton, Camb. 1936 Winter
T. turgidum 995 Early Cone Early red cone, Kings & Sons, Coggeshall, Essex (pre 1921) 1918-1922 Gartons Winter
T. turgidum 1022 Percival's Blue Cone Not recorded One of Percival's collection (1933). Selection from a singel ear. Widely cultivated in the 17 cent.  Winter
T. turgidum 1155 Rivet 25 Not recorded Winter
T. turgidum 1156 Miracle Single plant selection from and unknown hybrid 1927. Carter's Tested Seeds Ltd. Winter
T. dicoccum 1018 Fen Horned Not recorded Winter
T. aestivum 2 April Bearded English Land Variety Selected by Sir John Sinclair pre 1840 from the West Country Spring
T. aestivum 3 Glendowe Not recorded Spring
T. aestivum 53 Meteor April Bearded*Yeoman 1941-1955 Gartons Spring
T. aestivum 81 Koga 1 Heines Kolben*Garnet Spring
T. aestivum 96 Atle Extra Kolben 2*Saxo 1937. Weibulls Spring
T. aestivum 253 Red Fife Canadian spring wheat. European land variety originating from a shipment from the Polish port of Danzig 1842 Galician wheat (former name for Poland & Ukraine) Port of Danzig,Gdańsk Spring
T. aestivum 260 White Fife Red Fife Selection Spring
T. aestivum 336 Merlin Heine 7*Derenburger Silber Selection Winter
T. aestivum 355 Wilhelmina Red Squarehead*Spijk 1899. PBI Wageningen Winter
T. aestivum 356 Wilma Wilhelmina Selection 1936-1956 Gartons Winter
T. aestivum 359 Ble d'Or Benoist 40*Professeur Delos Winter
T. aestivum 393 Joncquois Vilmorin 23*Institut Agronomique Winter
T. aestivum 400 Hatif Inversable Gros Bleu*Chidham d'Autumne a Epi Blanc 1908 Winter
T. aestivum 401 Hatif de Wattines Hybride a Courte Paille[=L 4] Selection Alternate
T. aestivum 419 Marsters A1 Hybride des Allies Selection Spring
T. aestivum 422 Noe South Russian Wheat Selection (Crimea) Introduced to France by Compte de Noe Winter
T. aestivum 448 Ideal Trifolium Selection Marsters 1927 Winter
T. aestivum 449 King Not recorded Winter
T. aestivum 450 King 2 King Selection Winter
T. aestivum 492 Browick Squarehead Selection / Found in a field of 'Annat' by R. Banham, Browick 1844 Winter
T. aestivum 493 Defiant Squarehead 2*Browick Marsters of King's Lynn Winter
T. aestivum 496 Essex Pearl Yeoman 2*Hatif Inversable Bred by Hasler and Co.NIAB trials 1946-49 Winter
T. aestivum 497 Golden Drop Old English form 1837 Le Coteur Winter
T. aestivum 498 Hen Gymro Welsh Land Race Winter
T. aestivum 501 Little Joss Squareheads Master*Ghirka 1908 Plant Breeding Inst. Cambridge. Bred by Sir rowland Biffen, 1st commercialised 1931 Winter
T. aestivum 502 Marsters 57 Yeoman*Hybrid 46 Winter
T. aestivum 505 Milns N 59 French Wheat Single Plant Selection Bred by David Miln & Co. of Chester. In Peachey 1951. Winter
T. aestivum 507 Pilot Iron*Little Tich 1945-1963 Gartons Winter
T. aestivum 509 Redman Yeoman*Squareheads Master 1934-1959 Gartons. Good milling and backing quality. Winter
T. aestivum 510 Renown Squareheads Master*Swedish Squarehead 1926-1940 Gartons Winter
T. aestivum 511 Squareheads Master 13/4 Later selection from Squareheads Masters 1940. Introduced by N.I.A.B. Camb. Winter
T. aestivum 512 Squarehead 2 Yeoman*Squareheads Master 1935 Marsters Winter
T. aestivum 513 Steadfast Little Joss*Victor 1941. Bred at PBI. Introduced by N.I.A.B. Winter
T. aestivum 514 Victor (Squarehead*Red King)*Talavera 1910-1953 Gartons Alternate
T. aestivum 515 Warden Yeoman*Benefactress 1938-1953 Gartons. Bread making quality Winter
T. aestivum 517 Yeoman Browick*Red Fife 1916 Winter
T. aestivum 974 Iron Kotto Scania Land Variety*Grenadier Winter
T. aestivum 975 Yeoman 2 Yeoman Selection 1924 Winter
T. aestivum 976 Benefactor 55-4-A*Garnet 1914-1925 Gartons Winter
T. aestivum 977 Extra Squarehead 2 Grenadier*Extra Squarehead Winter
T. aestivum 983 Chidham White Chaff Not recorded Winter
T. aestivum 984 Chidham Red Chaff Not recorded Winter
T. aestivum 986 Hickling de Mars Hicklings Prolific Selection (1830 selected by Samual Hickling of Carston, Norfolk). Cited in Vilmorin 1880. Spring
T. aestivum 987 Red Lammas English Land Variety cited 1830's but type mentioned in 1660's. Cited by Le Coteur (1872). Winter
T. aestivum 988 Rouge d'Ecosse Not recorded Cited in Vilmorin 1880. Lothian. Winter
T. aestivum 989 Sherriffs Epi Carre Not recorded Cited in Vilmorin 1880. Winter
T. aestivum 993 Victoria Blanc de Mars Not recorded Winter
T. aestivum 997 Teverson Scholey Squarehead*Golden Drop Cited by Le Coteur (1872) & Vilmorin (1880). Percival refers to it as resembling SQM but with longer laxer ears Kent (1895).  Winter
T. aestivum 999 Prince Albert Oxford Red Selection Cited in Vilmorin 1880. Winter
T. aestivum 1000 White Victoria English Land Variety Cited by Le Coteur (1872). Winter
T. aestivum 1001 Browick (Old True) Browick Selection 1850's Winter
T. aestivum 1002 Chidham 1 Found in a hedgerow, Chidham, Sussex (1789) Winter
T. aestivum 1003 Old Welsh April Bearded Not recorded Spring
T. aestivum 1004 Chidham 2 Not recorded Winter
T. aestivum 1009 Rouge de Bordeaux Noe Selection Winter
T. aestivum 1010 Kent Payer Not recorded Winter
T. aestivum 1012 Bearded Red Not recorded Winter
T. aestivum 1015 The Partridge French Wheat Selection around 1907 Winter
T. aestivum 1017 The Starling Wilhelmina Selection In NIAB trial around 1947 Winter
T. aestivum 1034 Street's Imperial Not recorded Winter
T. aestivum 1035 Oxford Prize Not recorded Cited by Le Coteur (1872). Mentioned in Lawson (1852) in 1839 being grown in Scotland Winter
T. aestivum 1038 Main's Standup English Land Variety Winter
T. aestivum 1039 Badger Awned Squarehead Sport / Selected by Percival from an Austrian wheat (T.Miller) Pervical Winter
T. aestivum 1040 Rubb Wheat Not recorded Winter
T. aestivum 1048 Red Stettin A Not recorded Winter
T. aestivum 1049 Red Stettin B Not recorded Winter
T. aestivum 1050 Red Stettin C Not recorded Winter
T. aestivum 1052 Westerfield White Brookers Double Standup White Selection Winter
T. aestivum 1052 Westerfield White Brookers Double Standup White Selection Winter
T. aestivum 1056 Red Chaffed Yeoman Not recorded Winter
T. aestivum 1059 Shire Not recorded Winter
T. aestivum 1060 Sussex Stormproof Not recorded Winter
T. aestivum 1061 Standard White Not recorded Winter
T. aestivum 1063 Marster's Premier Benefactor*Little Joss 1924 Winter
T. aestivum 1065 Crossed Angle Not recorded Winter
T. aestivum 1075 Starling II Wilhelmina Selection Winter
T. aestivum 1076 White Wonder German Wheat Selection Cited by Le Coteur (1872). Winter
T. aestivum 1077 Iron III Kotto Scania Land Variety*Grenadier 1931 commercialised Winter
T. aestivum 1079 Webb's Universal Not recorded Winter
T. aestivum 1080 New Harvester Not recorded Winter
T. aestivum 1082 Standup White Not recorded Winter
T. aestivum 1083 Empire White Not recorded Winter
T. aestivum 1086 White Marvel Not recorded Old variety. Tested at NIAB in 1926. Winter
T. aestivum 1091 Red Stettin 13 Not recorded Winter
T. aestivum 1094 Robusta Millioen L*Iduma Winter
T. aestivum 1098 Essex Gladhof Not recorded Winter
T. aestivum 1103 Chidham 188 Not recorded Winter
T. aestivum 1107 Stacey's Red Chaff Red Wheat Not recorded Winter
T. aestivum 1108 John Bull Iron*Standard Red King & Sons of Coggeshall, Essex. Winter
T. aestivum 1111 Joss 10 Not recorded Winter
T. aestivum 1116 Croxton Champion Not recorded Winter
T. aestivum 1117 White Standup Wilhelmina Selection Winter
T. aestivum 1126 Yeoman B 9425 White Chaffed Browick*Red Fife Winter
T. aestivum 1128 Steadfast Yielder Not recorded Winter
T. aestivum 1129 Iron Master Not recorded Winter
T. aestivum 1130 Brooker's Double Standup Not recorded Winter
T. aestivum 1138 Prince Leopold Tresor 18 Selection In NIAB plots 1935. Winter
T. aestivum 1139 Croxton Red Not recorded Winter
T. aestivum 1141 Little Tich Yeoman Selection 1935-1939 Gartons. Selected fromYeoman Winter
T. aestivum 1142 The Miller Yeoman*Wilhelmina Winter
T. aestivum 1143 Gartons Sixty Victor*Squarehead Master 1932-1955 Gartons Winter
T. aestivum 1162 Iron Red Swedish Iron*Standard Red 1938. Edward Webb & Sons Ltd. Stourbridge Winter
T. aestivum 1166 Generosity Single Plant Selection 1929. Carter's Tested Seeds Ltd. Winter
T. aestivum 1171 White Yeoman Not recorded Winter
T. aestivum 1200 Brown's Winter Wheat Not recorded Winter
T. aestivum 1236 King 3 King 2*Little Tich Winter
T. aestivum 1334 Elite Marne Not recorded Winter
T. aestivum 1340 Fenland Wonder Single Plant Selection 1922 Carter's Tested Seeds Ltd. Winter
T. aestivum 2539 Professeur Delos K 3*Teverson Alternate
T. aestivum 5623 Red Standard English Land Variety 1850-1900 Winter
T. aestivum 6537 Squareheads Master Selection from a field of Victoria (Taylor, Yorkshire, 1868) T. Miller 1868 Winter
T. aestivum 6618 Eroica 2 Eroica[=Standard 1*Bankuti 178] Selection Winter
T. aestivum 6637 Cambridge Browick White Chaffed Browick*Yeoman Winter
T. aestivum 8551 Squareheads Master Selection from a field of Victoria (Taylor, Yorkshire, 1868) T. Miller 1868 Winter